Studying the relationship between foreignness and social bonding illuminates the logics of integration. In 18th century Vienna, the Ottoman presence was inscribed above all within the socio-political history of the city. The Ottoman presence played a part in the Kameralismus of the Imperial administration and in the development of Viennese enlightened absolutism, to the detriment of Municipal liberties. It reinforced the social position of the established ministerial elite against their challengers. It fit ted into a trans-imperial familiarity between the Holy Roman Empire and the Sublime Porte, and into the rise of a cosmopolitan oriental milieu in Vienna. In such a situation, the status of foreigners was no longer a brake on integration, but a pre-requisite and a catalyst for it instead.
Revue d’Histoire Moderne et Contemporaine 61-1 (2014), p. 123-146.